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Dental extraction is a fairly common procedure that many people undergo at least one time in their life time. The procedure can be simple tooth extraction or at times a complicated surgery. Dental extraction involves removal of a tooth from the socket and treatment of the wound left in the socket to avoid bacterial infection.
Most dental patients dread the removal of the tooth due to the pain associated with the process and lifelong gap left in the mouth. Dental technology has evolved for years and now it is possible for removed teeth to be replaced. A more advanced technique also ensures the teeth are not removed but the nerves serving them severed. This procedure is called root canal, although expensive than extraction the tooth is left in place. There are different reasons tooth extraction is carried out the following are some of these reasons
Unlike most people think, dental extraction is not as painful, the procedure is carried out under an analgesic drug that calms the nerves and makes the process of tooth extraction less painful. The dentist removes the tooth by pulling using forceps and other tools. The bleeding may be severe but is controlled to prevent massive loss of blood. The dentist may remove some parts of surrounding tissues that are infected as well. During the procedure you can expect minimal pain or no pain at all if your doctor has used the best anesthesia drugs.
You may be required to go back to your dentist for a follow up after the tooth extraction. The follow up may be useful to help your dentist find out if the post dental infection is present or not. Most people recover from tooth infection within a few days whole some may take a week or two. Your dentist also prescribed some medication after tooth removal to help manage the pain and control possible infection that may occur due to the nature of the wound left in your tooth socket.
Infection of a tooth leads to decay and gradually the tooth begins to ache after the tooth decay extends from the damaged enamel to the pulp where the tooth nerve tissue is found. The pulp comprises of nerves and blood vessels are important for sensation of the tooth. When the infection goes into the pulp the root canal can be at times ineffective since the infection may spread to other teeth. This requires dental extraction since antibiotics may not be reaching the inner pulp that is infected and can spread the infection to other teeth through the blood.
Periodontal disease is also called the gum disease since it involves the infection of the gum and the tissues that surround a tooth. The disease leads to inflammation of the gums and loosening of teeth affected. Although periodontal disease can be treated successfully, there are times when tooth extraction is the best way to avoid infection of more teeth.
When involved in traumatic conditions like concussions related to accidents, fights and even falls the teeth may be damaged or broken and removing the remaining part of the tooth becomes the only option. Tooth extraction in traumatic conditions may also be needed in order to help in surgical reconstruction of damaged oral cavity due to trauma.
When milk teeth are replaced by permanent teeth most parents ensure their children teeth are aligned properly as they grow. Some children have teeth that are misaligned a problem that somewhat becomes permanent and often noticed in adulthood. These misaligned teeth are nonfunctional and are extracted for aesthetic reasons.
Orthodontic treatment sometimes requires extraction of tooth in order to carry out this procedure successfully. Procedures like fitting braces may require tooth extraction. Most of these procedures are carried out to enhance the appearance of your teeth and the general facial appeal. They may also be carried out to correct childhood developmental defects that affect the teeth and mouth in general.